The last and most perfect in N. N. Polikarpov design bureau production biplane fighters family was the I-153. It had gull-shaped upper wing, retractable chassis and more powerful armament with four ShKAS machine guns. Serial planes had M-62 radial engines, late series – more powerful M-63.
The maiden flight was in August 1938. All in all in 1939-1941 it were made 3437 planes. In the beginning of 1940 93 I-153 Soviet fighters were delivered to China Guomindang Air Force. They served up to 1943.